Wow. I forgot about this thread. It was hard to keep it updated because of the research involved. Contributing resources is good. I'm not the boss of this thread.
The liturgical calendar is good. We're in ordinary time now.
Here is a sort of universal Liturgical Calendar:
It represents a complete year of liturgical seasons: Advent, Christmas, Lent, Easter, and of course, Ordinary time. (Ordinary doesn't mean "boring" or "plain" in this case, but "counted" or "ordinal" because it is designated by week numbers.)
The liturgical calendar controls everything from what readings and prayers are used for the Mass to what color vestments the priest and altar wear. During ordinary time everything is green. During Advent purple is worn on all 4 Sundays but the 3rd, which is called "Gaudette Sunday" and Rose (or pink) is worn. Purple is worn again during Lent and since it is a time of penance, the Church is "dressed" differently than during the rest of the years. The statues and icons are covered in purple and often the crucifix is covered at well. (Then, during the Easter Vigil mass, these coverings are removed as part of the ceremony.) Christmas and Easter are the "highest holidays" and so gold or white is worn.
Obviously all churches are different. There may be different shades of purple or special vestments used only on certain days of the year (my church has a specific gold chausable that is worn by the priest only during the week of Easter for instance). And then there are other colors, most notably red, which is worn on martyrs' feast days.
There is way more to this topic than just colors and vestments, but I think this is a good start. Catholicism is very orderly when it comes to the counting of time and prayer. Certain things happen at certain times and on certain days. Years ago, during the summer break from school, a friend of mine and I attempted to have "a Catholic Week" in which we showed up at mass and prayed all the various prayers on their prescribed days and times just to see if we could. Even with all the diligence at our command I'd say we ended up at ... like 75% Catholic. It was a difficult schedule to keep.
It makes me think of what Nightcrawler's schedule might have looked like:
6am: Pray Matins
9:45am: Work out in the Danger Room with Logan
12:05pm: Sext <-- With a t
! It's the midafternoon liturgy. Not what you think it is.
1pm: Save humanity
3pm: Chaplet of Divine Mercy
3:30pm: Save humanity some more
6:05pm: Dinner with Chuck
8pm: Practice flying awesome supersonic jets
I guess it's not easy being a Catholic super hero.